China.Hawaii Chamber of Commerce ®
Hong Kong.Hawaii Chamber of Commerce ®
Asia Pacific California Chamber of Commerce ®

"Hawaii-California-China Guan Xi, We Get Things Done" - Trade Advocacy Organization

      061101-donald tsang.jpg (11044 bytes)   

 video  

 USA Small Business Administration (SBA) Selected Johnson Choi/HKCHcc 2008 United States National Champion

Click on the Logo to Join HKCHcc on   and follow us on 

 

Chinese business etiquette

Newsletter

Biz: China Hong Kong Hawaii SF

Seminar Material

What people said about us 

China Earthquake Relief

Tax & Government

Hawaii Voter Registration

Biz-Video

Hawaii's China Connection

Doing Business in Hong Kong & China

Remembrances

December 13 2012 - 75th Anniversary of Nanjing Massacre on December 13 2012 when more than 300,000 were killed, women and young girls raped and murdered by the Japanese 追悼1937年南京大屠殺 我們中國三十萬死難同胞 

The Crime Against Humanity http://www.gendercide.org/case_nanking.html  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_war_crimes 

San Francisco September 22 2015

一票都沒少金山通過慰安婦建碑 923日世界日報-舊金山 San Francisco Chinese and Korean did it - San Francisco Supervisors ALL voted for "Sex Slave" Monument 平息社區對立 議員提兩項修正案 紀念碑有望1年內建成 

San Francisco Supervisors ALL voted for "Sex Slave" Monument - Japan need to face up to history 

SF Chronicle: S.F. supervisors call for memorial to WWII ‘comfort women’
http://m.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/S-F-supervisors-call-for-memorial-to-WWII-6522926.php#photo-8675636 

NBC Bay Area: San Francisco Supervisors Approve Controversial Memorial for Comfort Women
http://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/local/San-Francisco-Supervisors-Approve-Controversial-Memorial-for-Comfort-Women-328746101.html 



ABC News: SAN FRANCISCO SUPERVISORS VOTE TO CREATE MEMORIAL FOR WWII 'COMFORT WOMEN'
http://abc7news.com/society/sf-supes-vote-to-create-memorial-for-wwii-comfort-women/997265/ 

一票都沒少金山通過慰安婦建碑 2015923日世界日報-舊金山 San Francisco Chinese did it - San Francisco Supervisors ALL voted for "Sex Slave" Monument 平息社區對立 議員提兩項修正案 紀念碑有望1年內建成



舊金山市議會
22日全票通過修建慰安婦紀念碑決議案。推動提案的馬兆光和「慰安婦正義聯盟」(CWJC)接下來將與市長和公園局會談。如果選址、籌款等工作一切順利,慰安婦紀念碑有望在一年內建成。

案由華裔市議員
兆光在7⽉14⽇提出,要求市府不必撥款,協助修建慰安婦紀念碑,以此紀念在戰中淪為性奴隸的20孩,也能警。提案雖然即得到另外名市議員連署,但受到本政府和裔社區強,推進過程波三折。為平息亞裔社區的對兆光和市議員威善在表決前各提出項修正案。兆光修改紀念碑的宗旨,在紀念慰安婦基礎上,增加教育社區,預防⼈⼝販運。威善則提出在紀念碑上也註明裔社區對美國的貢獻,呼籲民眾關注全球⼈⼝販運議題。猶太裔的威善,他不願到社區對,全世界有很多猶太⼈⼤屠殺死難的紀念碑,每座的碑都是記錄屠殺的歷史,但不會針對特定時間地點。

市議會全體
11位議員最終全票通過提案和兩項修正案,連代表本城的議德也投下贊成票。布德此前受到選區壓,對提案持反對態度,但兩條溫和的修正案讓她轉變。她相信紀念碑可以讓裔社區不被孤戰對類的傷害屬世界範圍。活在美國的裔,戰期間也是受害者,希望舊⾦⼭的不同族裔和諧相處。兆光也承諾,紀念碑不會針對裔社區,舊⾦⼭有多座不同議題的紀念碑,慰安婦紀念碑會和它們樣,是為教育後不再重蹈覆轍。布德通過議案的槌剛剛敲下,現場持者們已經難掩興奮,不顧會場秩序起歡呼。「慰安婦正義聯盟」為持者統訂製了⿊⾊制服,胸前印有紀念慰安婦的⿈⾊蝴蝶。曾在庫蒂諾市推動建慰安婦紀念碑的張昭富表,他能了解兆光為了全票通過做出妥協,避免造成議員意分歧的印象。

專程從韓國趕來的慰安婦倖存者李容洙也興奮表
,歷史真相不會被抹殺。多名市議員現場向她致敬。

紀念碑構思早於
18年前由如今已退休的華裔法官郭麗蓮和鄧孟詩共同提出。鄧孟詩在夢想成真後表,爭取到在公共場所修建的權利,這是正義的勝利。舊⾦⼭⽇裔社區反對紀念碑的努⼒⾄終未停,教育委員江美莉、消防委員中条(Stephen Nakajo)、葛萊德教堂威廉斯牧師夫⼒⾕Janice Mirikitani)等均認為紀念碑提案孤⽴⽇裔社區。威廉斯牧師和三⼒⾕還親出席議會,希望改變結果。三⼒⾕說她完全持慰安婦紀念動,但不同意兆光將問題指向本,慰安婦議題是全球的議題,持續到現在也沒有解決。多家來⾃⽇本的媒體趕到現場報導。本共同社的記者表,作為,聽到兆光的提案當然感覺不舒服,但本國內並沒有太多關注這項提案。

張盈盈:真相大白 日本別再狡賴

消息傳來,「南京暴
:被遺忘的屠殺」作者張純如的母親張盈盈指出,舊⾦⼭是美國西海岸的重要⾨⼾,擁有眾多亞裔移民,在舊⾦⼭⽴碑意義重,她說:「真相⼤⽩本別再狡賴。」
張盈盈的
兒張純如1997年出版「南京暴」,敘述戰期間軍南京屠殺的徑,成為當時美國最暢銷的⾮⼩說書籍,並且引起美國眾對於戰罪的重視。張純如後來罹患憂鬱症,2004亡。與兒張純如樣奔揭發本罪的張盈盈說,灣區有許多中國陸、台灣、韓國、菲律賓裔的移民,這些移民,或者他們的祖輩,可能受過本軍國主義荼毒。在舊⾦⼭⽴碑,意義凡,希望未來美國其他城市也能照辦理,就像抗戰爭史實維護會期以來的訴求:「道歉、賠償、建館、碑」,讓世記取過往。「真的常興奮,我們本來也沒想到會全數通過。」張盈盈說,原先以為可能會有到兩位市議員投反對票,但後來卻是全數贊成,顯⾒⼤家都碑的理念。她特別感謝丁元、賀英明等多位史維會成員,以及郭麗蓮和鄧孟詩法官兩位建碑推⼿在背後的努。張盈盈表,她與夫婿張紹進才剛從台灣與中國陸回來,原本也很想到舊⾦⼭市議會現場聲援,無奈旅途勞累必須在家休息。但是他們仍然透過通訊軟體與場內的夥伴緊密連線,家不斷分享現場照,得知全數通過時,夥都常開。張盈盈說,本政府、特別是安倍代表的右翼勢,總是不道歉,對於戰的犯狡賴,很可能是因為這些打從裡就認為那些為「沒有錯」,還成天胡扯慰安婦是願的妓,「拜託,還有些慰安婦奶奶還沒死耶」。她認為,碑的意義之,就是讓世知道真相不能、也不會被掩蓋,「我們不是要增加中之間的仇恨,但要家謹記歷史!」

韓裔媒體人:日本應道歉

⾦⼭市議會全票通過慰安婦紀念碑碑,韓裔資深媒體⼈Aruna Lee,慰安婦及戰道歉的問題直是韓關係中常重要的環,「本也韓國個適當的道歉,且應該要承認當時做過的殘忍徑。」

Aruna說,不只是經歷過戰的耆,連很多年輕的韓國常關⼼⽇本道歉的議題。今年本投降70周年,上個有韓媒體報導,兩位剛服完韓國兵役的年輕,特別從洛杉磯騎腳踏到華府,沿路傳播本在戰時的罪,希望喚醒慰安婦道歉的議題。「其實滿『酷』的,年輕對這議題都這麼關。」她表,還在世的慰安婦年紀都了,持續凋零;但是歷史不會改變,只是必須向本不斷施壓,給受害國個交代。

November 21 2013

THERE ARE STILL PEOPLE ASKED WHY SHOULD WE GO AFTER JIMMY KIMMEL OF WALT DISNEY / ABC TV? 

This is already happening throughout America.

You are White and never left United States (85% of the American never left United States) 

You are unemployed. 

The President of the United States, Our Vice President, Our Secretary of States, a lot of Think Tanks populated by current and former military personnel and Defense Contractors repeatedly told the American that you lost the job because of China. 

Our President repeated that at least every month for the past 60+ months. 

The unemployed American heard it so many times. Here come Jimmy Kimmel at the late night show suggesting "Killing ALL Chinese" is the solution. 

Following morning the father told his big fat kid - his son at the breakfast table that it was the Chinese that he lost the job and NO Christmas this year. The father took the cue from Jimmy Kimmel and told the son killing those Chinese "SOB" a good idea. 

The big fat 7 years old boy went to school got all upset and saw a petite Chinese boy in his class and start calling the boy names, pushed him around and said "My father told me you God damn Chinese in China took my father's job and I have no Christmas this year" followed by beating up the poor Chinese boy ended up in hospital. The above is not a fantasy because it is already happening all over America. 

Until yours/our kid got hurt, we can laugh and not taking it seriously.

This is how Vincent Chin got clubbed to death http://hkchcc.org/Remembrances.htm
 

November 18 2013

Jimmy Kimmel and Me 我和吉米金梅爾 By Frank H. Wu Chancellor & Dean of UC Hastings College of the Law 校長兼加州大學黑斯廷斯法學院院長

Frank H. Wu is a law professor, author, and public intellectual. He is the chancellor and dean of the University of California, Hastings College of the Law in San Francisco, California, a position he assumed in July 2010.

I was talking to somebody today about the Jimmy Kimmel incident. My friend had not heard about it. That's part of the problem.

It isn't often that genocide is proposed in contemporary culture. That's what has happened.

Jimmy Kimmel, late night television host, recently put on a little comedy sketch in which a kid suggests that we would be better off economically if we "Kill everyone in China."

Kimmel replies, "That's an interesting idea."

The network, ABC, has since apologized.

Another attack on Asians is summarily dismissed.

The issue isn't whether what an actor, whatever his age, was performing a script or was spontaneous. The use of a child makes the matter worse, not better. The point isn't the boy's remarks; it's the adults' response. I wonder if his parents are embarrassed, and if they are because of the commotion that their offspring caused or what he revealed about the home from which he comes.

The professional producers of a hit show should be ashamed to retreat behind the youngster as they have. He has licensed his peers. The cruelty of children toward one another is limitless.

Kimmel reminds me of the responsible grown-ups in the room years ago who always stood by when I faced the regular bullying that defined childhood. Kimmel had only a moment to respond, but he makes his living by his wit. The subject of harassment on a school playground has no more time to react and considerably less support. It was Kimmel who set up the scenario, by prompting his juvenile guests with the declaration that America owes China "a lot of money."

The trouble also isn't that the lad uttered an offensive sentiment. Offensiveness not the best test. Much great art is offensive, not that anybody is mistaking Jimmy Kimmel for Lenny Bruce -- there was a stand-up performer not afraid to confront prejudice rather than reinforce it.

The Kimmel segment was morally wrong if that isn't giving it more importance than it deserves. At a minimum, it calls for discussion. While I'm willing to give the kid a break, we would do well to ponder what he, innocently, reflects about his environment.

The Chinese, and Asians in general, are an easy target. The rise of the East is a perennial theme. Its counterpart among our shared fears is the fall of the West.
The status of China as a creditor and America as a debtor must be addressed. The perceived prospects of the nations will aggravate relations between them.

When I learned about this episode from the news, not being a follower of Jimmy's, I was tempted to shrug it off. It isn't the worst discrimination, I reasoned. If anything, I worry about the triumph of China like anyone else here. I will not benefit as a Chinese American if it turns out my family has bet poorly for three generations.

Look, Jimmy, buddy, we're on the same side. I have my American passport by birthright.

As I processed the events, I was more disturbed by it. The irony is that my assimilation is to no avail. Someone who is angry at a visceral level about China is not likely to make an exception for me as an Anglophile mainline Protestant from the Midwest.

I am not concerned for the Chinese. The Chinese can fend for themselves fine. The average American can do very little to hurt the average Chinese. Half the world, including the Pacific Ocean, lies between them.

But the average American can do quite a bit to harm their Asian American neighbor. They likely won't do that, except a popular comic is egging them on.

The Kimmel kids understood implicitly that the Chinese become Chinese Americans. Another one of the participants suggested building a wall to keep the Chinese from coming over. To which their host added his own smug allusion to the Great Wall.

What is most persuasive about the advocacy on the Kimmel episode is that it has been led by Asian Americans. At the forefront are organizations such as OCA and 80-20. There are Asian Americans who are sixth-generation Californians and those who have been adopted by white parents, as well as those who are "fresh off the boat" in that pejorative phrase. They have come together, at last doing what every other ethnic group has done to achieve true equality.

They reframe the situation. It's common to dismiss anti-Chinese sentiment as being about foreigners, and ones assumed to be wealthy at that. I can't count how often, even if the racial reference is explicit, people assure me that this type of comment isn't even about race at all.

OCA and 80-20 emphasize that universal principles are at stake. It's not about Chinese; it's about people. Failing that, they at least are able to point out that "Chinese" is ambiguous -- it encompasses Americans as well. Anyone who starts off killing everyone in China won't likely stop at the borders of the nation.

OCA was formed as a Chinese American civil rights group. The initials originally stood for "Organization of Chinese Americans." At its founding two generations ago, it decided it would stay away from foreign relations controversies. Like other groups of its type, it sought to ensure it was recognized as a domestic civil rights organization and tried to downplay internal tensions among Chinese Americans over the status of Taiwan. More recently, it has sought to encompass all Asian Americans in a bridge building effort. Its current executive director exemplifies the idea: he is Japanese in heritage.

80-20, started by a Chinese immigrant physicist who was the Lieutenant Governor of Delaware (no, I am not making that up), is dedicated to the great democratic tradition of ethnic bloc voting and inspired by the Jewish example. Its goal is to make Asian Americans relevant in electoral politics by delivering the margin of victory. It uses primarily email to reach a vast audience of Asian Americans who are mobilized in a manner never before seen.

To explain to people who are not themselves Chinese why the Kimmel skit is not acceptable, most arguments rely on facile analogy. Imagine if the comedian had said, "Save America. Kill the Jews." (It isn't any better if it were rendered a more precise parallel. Try it out: "Kill everyone in Israel.") Or Blacks, and so on.

Yet observers nonetheless often excuse these moments. It's only a joke, lighten up, get over it, no need to overreact, don't be so politically correct.

They don't appreciate the threat. Allow me to communicate it.

What if a blogger were to say, "Kill Jimmy Kimmel." And then added, "Just kidding . . ."

Perhaps Jimmy will feel differently walking around then. He will experience the edge of humor. It wouldn't be merely the Chinese he would be afraid of either; it would be the Japanese and Koreans and Vietnamese too. After all, we all look alike.

"Kill Jimmy Kimmel." But that would be inappropriate to say.

World Journal Newspaper New York Edition January 4 2013

中國各地舉行紀念南京大屠殺75週年活動 Remembrance Activities throughout China http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YAsq7obBf9c  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YAsq7obBf9c 

89 years old Nanjing Massacre survivor has been waiting for a simple apology from Japan for 75 years...still waiting....

August 25 2012 

Danny Chen was American by birth AND by choice. He defied his parents' objection to join the Army, RACIALLY brutalized to committing suicide by 8 of his fellow American soldiers who were his superiors.

Posting on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/notes/johnson-choi/private-danny-chen-was-american-born-defied-his-parents-objection-to-join-the-ar/10151195987910619

[A] INJUSTICE ONE

On 7/25/2012, Sgt. Adam Holcomb was convicted by a jury of peers of maltreatment of a subordinate and assault consummated by battery. Maj. Bret Batdorff, the presiding judge, sentenced Holcomb to 30 days in prison, a demotion and a fine of $1,160. See how Sgt. Holcomb abused Danny Chen, who committed suicide! Below are quotes from the government's "Charge Sheet" & trial testimony:

o "addressing . . Danny Chen using racially disparaging terms including Dragon Lady or words to that effect." "Holcomb uttered some slurs over the radio, where they were heard by the entire platoon, adding to Chen's humiliation." - court testimony, LA Times. 
o "negligently failed to prevent Specialist Ryan J. Offutt and Specialist Thomas P. Curtis from addressing Private (E-2) Danny Chen using racially disparaging terms including dragon lady, Jackie Chen, chink, gook, fortune cookie, slants, egg roll, and zipper head, or words to that effect as it was his duty to do." 
o "by grabbing Private (E-2) Danny Chen by his wrist, pulling him out of his bed, & dragging him over the tent floor and a gravel path." The dragging "bloodied Danny Chen's back." - court testimony, NY Times.
o Military laws: "Wrongful abuse of a public animal," will result in a max of 3 months in jail or 3 months' pay cut. Visit
http://usmilitary.about.com/library/milinfo/mcm/bl134-1.htm  

[B] INJUSTICE TWO

o Staff Sgt. Blaine Dugas was convicted of dereliction of duty in the hazing-related suicide of Pvt. Danny Chen. That is for letting his Sgts. and Spcs. racially and physically abuse Chen to death. 
o Col. James E. Hardin sentenced Dugas to 3 months in jail and demotion by one rank. Fair? NO! 
o Dugas does NOT need to spend a day in jail, because Col. Hardin 59d6 considered limitations placed on Dugas during the investigation period sufficient punishment to be equivalent to having served 3 months in jail. Does the colonel have any empathy for Danny Chen, his family and millions of Asian Americans who are trying to decide if we rank higher than "public animals" in the eyes of the military "justice" system? The military tries to make it sound like Dugas was actually in jail. He was not! In contract, Spc. Offutt was given 7 days of reprieve only for the same limitations during the investigation period. 

Staff Sgt. Dugas will NOT spend a single day in jail. Outrageous injustice! When soldiers who are guilty of abusing a follow soldier to death are NOT punished, no amount of training program will be effective. Does our government care for effective Armed Services any more?

How can we achieve justice? When YOU personally? Wake UP/speak UP/stand UP by either giving time or money or both. You do NOT need to donate time/dollar to us. OCA -NY is also fighting for this issue. You must make a personal commitment to achieve justice.

Donations to 80-20 EF are tax deductible. Click on http://www.80-20educationalfoundation.org/donate/donate.asp .
Written by S. B. Woo, a volunteer President, 80-20 National Asian American Educational Foundation, Inc.
PS: Post your comments at: http://www.80-20educationalfoundation.org/politicaledu/posterboard.asp .

從廖梓源案陸續宣判? 看華裔參軍的奮鬥 ( 星島社論 )



凌虐華裔士兵廖梓源導致其自盡的美軍士官兵,截至本周為止,已有三名被定罪,不過刑期都以營區禁足的方式所折抵,如果連同稍早華裔美兵陳宇暉被凌虐自盡案算在內,截至目前為止涉及凌虐的美軍士官兵無人入獄、無人被褫奪軍籍,軍方甚至未曾針對軍中凌虐案進行全盤檢討,令許多關心本案的民眾認為,美國軍方仍未徹底檢討,正義並未伸張。

證諸一百多年的華裔移民史,華裔青年移民到各國之後,總在關鍵時刻挺身而出保家衛國,形成光榮的傳統。在那個歐美各國充斥排華法案的年代,這些華裔參軍不只是融入主流,說得悲壯些,同時也為下一代華裔爭取應有的權益,取得宣誓效忠「投名狀」的管道。這些例子班班可考。

早在一九一四年一次大戰時的澳洲,這些華裔先賢的名字叫唐威、沈佔和阿佘,他們英勇轉戰海外獲得勳獎;在二次大戰時一九四二年的澳洲空軍,他的名字叫曾錫友,他參加過多次戰鬥之後,幸運生還,但許多華裔自願參軍者卻從此一去不回。

同年在加拿大加入傘兵的是鄭天華以及其他幾百位華裔同伴,他們被派遣進入日軍佔領的婆羅洲幾內亞執行任務;黃炳芳則是屬於首批被派往歐洲對抗德軍的加拿大軍人之一;在一九四五年的印度,雷紹箕與五百位華裔熱血青年,加入英國第一三六部隊,空降到緬甸日軍的後方,配合英國部隊的正面進攻。

而據美國徵兵總局統計,二戰期間,在美軍服役的華人超過兩萬人,佔美國華人總數的百分之十七,是美國各族裔參軍人數百分比最高的族裔之一,而他們中間有將近百分之廿的人在海外陣亡。在美國空軍中還曾出現過華裔女飛行員。

華裔參軍報國的人數如此眾多,歷史如此悠久,但前兩年美軍竟仍出現華裔子弟被凌虐導致自裁的案例,令人悲痛。

廖梓源的姑母是首位華裔女性眾議員趙美心,她日前投書紐約時報質問,「美國部隊的士兵是否得靠同僚虐待和折磨才能強壯?」在國會聽證會上,軍方回答說不是。趙美心繼而追問:軍隊有教導官士兵「矯正訓練」和「凌虐」的區別嗎?答案顯然沒有;趙美心再問,當官士兵越過這條界線時,有真正的懲處嗎?答案也是沒有。這三個問題,沒有一個問題是在為華裔爭取特權,相反的是希望營造更公平合理的環境,才能讓軍隊持續茁壯,不過趙美心感歎,軍方至今仍不願深究原因,只想早日結案,這種軍中霸凌文化必須改變。

涉及凌虐廖梓源、陳宇暉致其自盡的美軍士官兵,刑期只有一到三個月,而且可以營區禁足折抵刑期,引起華裔社區不滿,意見領袖中甚至有一股聲浪要求別再讓子弟參軍以免枉死,這些主張並非出自單純的情緒反應,而是無法阻止悲劇再度發生。

有鑑於此,趙美心在國會提出禁止軍中凌虐的相關法案,任何士兵只要受到欺凌就可以申訴,如果情況沒有改善,可依程序調離原單位。值得一提的是,這項法案並非狹隘的只為華裔子弟,而是為了記取教訓,禁止族裔、性別、階級、年資、語言文化成為藉口,霸凌「非我族類」的士兵,以防止悲劇再度發生。這個法案截至目前為止還沒有通過,美國國會如何審議,不只受到軍屬的關切,牽連到軍中基本人權,更是普世價值所在。


Danny Chen RACIALLY brutalized case to committing suicide sentencing? See the struggle of ethnic Chinese to join the army (Sing Tao editorial) (Translate from the above Chinese text using Google Translate)

Abuse Chinese soldiers Danny Chen lead to suicide U.S. sailors who, as of this week, there are three were convicted, but the sentence redeem grounded for the way to the camp, with the earlier ethnic Chinese U.S. soldiers Danny Chen abuse suicide case count , U.S. sailors who nobody imprisonment involving abuse so far, no one has been taken away dishonorably discharged military has never even abuse case against the military to carry out a comprehensive review, so many people concerned about the case that the U.S. military has yet to conduct a thorough review, justice has not served.

Evidenced by more than a hundred years, the history of Chinese immigrants, Chinese youths emigrate to countries with a total at the crucial moment to come forward to defend the country, to form a glorious tradition. Flooding the Chinese Exclusion Act in the United States and Europe in that era, these ethnic Chinese army is not only integrated into the mainstream, right tragic some fight for their interests, but also for the next generation of Chinese descent, made the oath of allegiance to the "Warlords" pipeline. These examples classes in test.

In Australia during World War I in 1914, the name of these ethnic Chinese sages called Tangwei Shen accounting and Charmaine, they heroically fought overseas Hsun Award; during World War II in 1942, the Australian Air Force His name is Zeng tin Friends, he participated in many battles, lucky survivors, but many Chinese voluntarily join the army, but they never came back from this.

Paratroopers joined the same year in Canada, the Zheng Tianhua as well as hundreds of ethnic Chinese companions, they were sent into the Japanese occupation of Borneo Guinea tasks; Huangbing Fang is one of the Canadian soldiers are the first to be sent to Europe to fight against the Germans; in a India in 1945, Leishao Kei five hundred Chinese hot-blooded youth, joined the British first thirty-six troops parachuted into Burma behind the Japanese, with British troops frontal attack.

U.S. conscription Administration statistics, during World War II, the Chinese in the U.S. Army, more than twenty thousand people, accounting for 17 percent of the total number of Chinese-American, is one of the highest percentage of ethnic U.S. ethnic join the army number, and among them Nearly twenty percent of the people killed in the overseas. Also appeared in ethnic Chinese female pilots in the U.S. Air Force.

The number of ethnic Chinese to join the army to serve the country so many, such a long history, but two years ago, the U.S. military actually still Chinese descent abuse cases lead to suicides, it is sad.

Danny Chen aunt the first the Chinese Female Congressman Judy Chu, a few days ago, she wrote to the New York Times questioned whether U.S. forces soldiers rely on colleagues abused and tortured to strong? "At a congressional hearing, the military replied not. Judy Chu then asked: army the teachings official soldiers "corrective training" and "abuse" of the difference between this? The answer is obviously no; Judy Chu ask official soldiers crossed this line, the real punishment? The answer is no. These three problems, not a problem in the fight for the ethnic Chinese privilege, contrary hopes to create a more equitable environment, in order to let the army continued to thrive, but Judy Chu sigh military still do not want to go into the reasons, just concluded at an early date, this army bullying culture must change.

Involving abuse Liu TY, Danny Chen caused by the suicide of the U.S. military enlisted sentence of only one to three months, and you can camp off-limits off against the sentence, causing the dissatisfaction of the Chinese community, opinion leaders and even The surge noise requirements Do not allow children to join the army in order to avoid unnecessary death of These ideas are not from a purely emotional reaction, but not be able to prevent the tragedy from happening again.

In view of this, Judy Chu in Congress against military abuse bill, any soldier as long as you can be bullied complaint, if the situation does not improve, according to the program transferred from the original unit. It is worth mentioning that this bill is not only narrow-minded Chinese descent, but in order to remember the lessons, the prohibition of ethnicity, gender, class, seniority, language and culture to become an excuse for bullying "exotic" soldiers, to prevent the tragedy from happening again. So far, this bill also did not pass the U.S. Congress on how to consider not only their dependents concerns implicated the basic human rights of the military, more universal values.

August 18 2012 

趙美心誓言杜絕美國軍中凌虐華人 Congresswoman Judy Chu has vowed to put an end to the abuse of Chinese in the United States Military 記者劉庠舊金山報導

代表南加州東洛杉磯區,正在競選連任的聯邦眾議員趙美心(Judy Chu),18日中午在灣區參加亞太裔公共事務聯盟(APAPA)為她舉行的競選募款餐會。趙美心在成為美國首位華裔女性國會議員之後,推動國會正式對1882年「排華法案」道歉,成為募款餐會話題的焦點。趙美心也提到外甥廖梓源(Harry Lew)自殺的事件促使她推動法案,杜絕軍中凌虐行為。 Representing Southern California, East Los Angeles District, is running for re-election of the United States House of Representatives Judy Chu on Aug 18 noon in the Bay Area to participate in the Asian Pacific American Public Affairs Union (APAPA), campaign fundraising dinner was held for her. Judy Chu pushing Congress to officially apologize to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, after becoming the first Chinese female members of Congress, become the focus of the fundraising dinner topic. Judy Chu also mentioned nephew Liu TY (Harry Lew) suicide incident prompted her to promote a bill to eliminate the military abuse behavior.

在聖馬刁市北海道餐廳舉行的募款餐會席開八桌,由APAPA灣區分會執行長孫曉光(Don Sun)主持。亞太裔公共事務聯盟創辦人尹集成等多位北加州華裔社區領袖都出席表示支持。 Fundraising dinner held Hokkaido Restaurant in San Mateo banquet eight tables, chaired by the APAPA CEO of the Bay Area chapter of Sun Xiaoguang (Don Sun). Asian Pacific American Public Affairs Alliance founder Yin Jicheng, a number of Northern California Chinese community leaders attended expressed their support.

灣區著名的 Sugar Bow l創辦人,從越南難民變成糕點大亨的李基安(Andew Ly)致詞說:「華人數百年來對美國貢獻良多,不但興建鐵路,更與美國軍人並肩作戰,保家衛國,換來的卻是天使島(拘留所)和不斷的歧視。我要感謝趙美心努力不懈推動聯邦政府為排華法案道歉。我們今天不是以民主黨或共和黨的身分,而是以亞裔社區的立場支持趙美心,我有信心她會繼續在國會代表華人爭取平等權益。」 The founder of the Bay Area's famous Sugar Bowl, Vietnamese refugees into the pastry tycoon Li Jian (Andew Ly) remarks: "the number of the Chinese century contribution to the United States, not only the construction of railways, more American soldiers fought side by side to protect the family Wei country, they got from the Angel Island (detention center) and the constant discrimination and I would like to thank Judy Chu's efforts to promote the federal government apology for the Chinese Exclusion Act today is not the identity of the Democratic Party or the Republican Party, but to Asians Judy Chu's position in support of the community, I am confident that she will continue to represent the Chinese to fight for equal rights in Congress. "

現年59歲的趙美心26年政治生涯共在11次選戰中獲得勝利。2009年聯邦參議院第27選區聯邦眾議員莎莉絲(Hilda Solis)被歐巴馬總統提名勞工部長,趙美心競選她留下的席位成功。當選當晚就接到歐巴馬電話,恭喜她成為第一位華裔女性聯邦眾議員。 The 59-year-old Judy Chu's 26-year political career win in the 11 campaign. 2009 Bundesrat constituency Congressman Shali Si (Hilda Solis) was nominated by President Obama labor secretary, Judy Chu election seats left her success. Obama elected that night received telephone Congratulations, she became the first Chinese female Federal House of Representatives.

趙美心說:「我的祖父來自廣東,當年因為排華政策,美國沒有華裔女性移民。他必須回到中國娶妻,把祖母接來美國。我們一家從沒想過參政,媽媽對我的期待只有好好讀書、努力工作、嫁個華人好男孩。這些我都做到了,但1988年蒙特瑞公園市議會多次通過法案,從路標到市府文件全部都只用英語。我參與社區動員,推翻了法案,才意識到市議會亞裔力量不足而參政,我做了13年市議員,包括三次當市長。」 Judy Chu said: "My grandfather came from Guangdong, when the Chinese Exclusion policy, the United States does not have a female Chinese immigrants, he must return to China to get married and then the grandmother came to America and our family never thought in politics, only the mother of my expectations study hard, work hard, marry a Chinese good boy. these I have done it, but the Monterey Park City Council in 1988 passed a bill several times, from road signs to the city government file all of them in English, I was involved in community mobilization to overthrow a bill before the City Council Asian power realized in politics, I do 13 Urban Members, including three as mayor. "

聯邦眾議院在今年6月通過排華法案道歉案,成為美國國會對日裔集中營、夏威夷皇室和黑奴以外,第三次正式通過道歉案。趙美心坦承,法案推動之初並不容易,是靠華裔民眾不斷對國會議員表達意見,才能成功。她說:「好比尹集成,他在政界活躍多年,知道與議員溝通的重要性。他與多位重量級國會議員聯絡,說服他們改變立場支持。」 Federal House of Representatives in June this year by the Chinese Exclusion Act apologize case, the case of the U.S. Congress on the outside of the Japanese concentration camps Hawaiian royalty and slaves, and the third time through formal apology. Judy Chu admits that the beginning is not easy bill to promote success by ethnic Chinese people continue to express their views to members of Congress. She said: "like Yin Jicheng, he is active in politics for many years and know the importance of communication with Members him in contact with a number of heavyweight Congressman to convince them to change their stance support."

趙美心也說,她的外甥廖梓源因為軍中凌虐而自殺,年輕的生命殞滅令人悲痛,更嚴重的是凌虐案三名被告只有一人被判了一個月的刑期,兩人無罪。去年又發生紐約華埠19歲青年陳宇暉(Danny Chen)在軍中受凌虐,這種狀況必須立刻停止。她推動的反凌虐法案已在眾議院通過,正待參議院通過。她誓言與軍中凌虐對抗到底。Judy Chu also said that her nephew Liu Tsz source because the military abuse and suicide the young lives perish sad, serious abuse case of the three defendants were sentenced to only one month sentence, two not guilty. 19-year-old youth of New York Chinatown Chen Yuhui (Danny Chen) took place last year of abuse in the military, this situation must be stopped immediately. Her to promote the anti-torture bill has been passed by the House of Representatives, is awaiting Senate passed. She vowed to abuse military confrontation in the end.

June 26 2012

陳果仁事件30年 亞裔喚公義

華裔國會眾議員趙美心日前接受採訪. 華裔國會眾議員趙美心對於陳果仁事件,表示亞太裔至今仍遭受許多不公平待遇。圖為趙美心今年初在夏威夷特別軍事法庭外的檔案照。2002年陳果仁事件20周年時,底特律民眾在陳果仁所安葬的墓園遊行要求正義。

今天是在種族仇恨之下冤死的華人陳果仁遇害
30周年。事件發生地底特律奧克蘭郡府21日舉行紀念儀式,郡長柯維(Craig Covey)指陳果仁1982年的遇害是「本州(密西根州)有史以來最慘痛的仇恨犯罪。」30年過去了,亞裔民權運動在他當年枉死的底特律,仍然努力在奮戰,試圖改正大眾對亞裔的刻版印象,陳家的親友也從未放棄,仍在等待公義的來臨。

紀念陳果仁事件
30周年,底特律市這一周連續有多場活動。亞裔維權團體今天也將透過全美視訊會議,呼籲各界記取教訓,追求公平正義。

在陳果仁當年打過工的金星餐廳
(現為Post酒吧)大門前的十字路口的安全島上,前年1222日正式豎立雙碑,一為陳果仁事件紀念碑,另為促使法律改進的紀念碑。

底特律地區
30年來,因為陳果仁事件有了一些重大的改變。陳果仁成為反仇恨反暴力的表徵,建立了亞裔團結爭人權平等的里程碑,密西根州法也因此有了多處修改,讓法律更重視人權。譬如去除控方不能在法庭用衝擊的證詞(impact Statement),即受害者家屬得以出庭發言,因為當時的州法規定,使得陳果仁之母不得出庭,更遑論發言,在當時引起公憤。州法如今也訂定暴力犯罪最低的制裁,將亞裔列入仇恨犯罪被保護的少數族群。

30年後,傷痛未自陳果仁的親友心中減退。一名表親說,他至今仍感痛心,因為雖然這麼多人組織起來爭取力爭,陳果仁從來沒有得到應有的公義。

而當年以棒球棒重打陳果仁頭部,造成其死亡的白人父親伊本斯
(Ronald Ebens),今年已經72歲,早已遷離底特律,目前住在千哩之遙的內華達州。他本周在家裡接受媒體電話採訪,對事件表示遺憾。

他說,這是樁不幸的事件,當初根本就不應該發生,他「對事情的發生,深感遺憾。」
(I'm sorry it happened.)

底特律新聞報的記者問他如今日子過得如何?他說,日子過得還可以,但是他已經是個老人,覺得累了。

伊本斯父子活活打死陳果仁,兩人對殺人罪名認罪,但從未入監服刑,各自被判三年緩刑及
3720元罰款。

陳果仁另一名親戚也表示,伊本斯如今對事情的發生感到遺憾是一定的,但是當年他們父子確實從汽車行李廂拿出球棒,立意行凶,不能只是今天說他對此感到遺憾。

美華協會、美正義協會
23日上午將舉辦陳果仁30周年紀念會,由加州大學法律系主任吳華揚教授主講,之後並與全美進行視訊討論會;下午3時則另有前往陳果仁墓地致意活動。陳果仁與父母親,同葬在底特律郊區的Forest Lawn墓園。

June 25 2012 Share

陳果仁被殺只因他的亞裔臉孔

陳果仁是余瓊芳的唯一孩子,為討回公道,她奔走全美,10年前距亡兒離世滿20周年的前兩周,在密西根州病逝。在底特律長大的吳華揚,返回底特律參加陳果仁案30周年紀念活動。圖為他接受紀錄片「誰是陳果仁」專訪

30
年前的吳華揚是快滿15歲的高中生,陳果仁在底特律市遇害的地點,距他的家只有幾哩路。陳果仁遇害滿30年的前夕(22日),吳華揚搭機回到長大的底特律,參加陳果仁遇害30周年紀念活動。他離開舊金山前說,27歲的陳果仁被兩名白人奪走生命,是因被認錯了兩個身分:除了被誤以為日裔外,陳果仁被錯認為「外國人」。

兩年前到舊金山出任希斯汀加大法學院院長兼校長的吳華揚說,陳果仁案對他有特別意義,他與陳果仁有著許多相似的背景,他們都在底特律市長大,都是美國出生的第二代移民,父母是移民。但是,在他們的生命中卻經常被認為是「外國人」,不將他們認同為「美國人」。

1982623日陳果仁在底特律市被兩名白人汽車工人以球棒打死時,吳華揚雖然只是高中生,但清楚了解整個事件的發展。由陳果仁的遇害起,至檢察官的隨便辦案和法官偏袒兩兇手輕判,深深影響吳華揚,促使他在大學時主修歷史,在當地主流報紙工作一年後,攻讀法律。

2004年吳華揚擔任底特律Wayne State大學法學院院長,為美國史上首位華裔法學院院長。陳果仁遇害滿30周年是特別日子,吳華揚受底特律亞裔團體的邀請,回鄉參加紀念活動。

吳華揚是台灣移民的第二代,父親吳海在美國擁有機械工程博士學位,在底特律市福特汽車公司總部負責研發新車的工作,吳華揚就在底特律長大。

吳華揚說,陳果仁被殺肯定是因為他的亞裔臉孔,被誤認為日裔,這是反亞裔的仇恨暴力。陳果仁和他都是美國出生的一代亞裔,與一般美國人無異,卻總被認為是「外國的亞洲人」。

底特律檢察官將陳果仁案視為一般的夜總會打鬥案件,輕率處理。吳華揚說,當年底特律是全美罪案之城,地檢處要處理大量的刑事案件。最令當地人感到憤怒的是,兩被告被捕後,該案檢察官竟然缺席,沒有出庭,事後隨便與兩被告達成認罪協議,使兩被告至今從未為殺死陳果仁而坐牢。

June 24 2012 

陳果仁案30年 傷痛難彌平 Vincent Chin murder case after 30 years - painful feelings continues - Thirty years has done little to stem the fury over the killing of Vincent Chin.



黃星華
()在底特律區紀念陳果仁事件30年活動中表示,陳果仁事件30年過去,造成陳果仁冤死的「不公平」現象,現在還沒有完全消失。 以「傳承、未來」為主題的大底特律區紀念陳果仁事件30年活動,23日在底特律美華協會活動中心舉行。 黃星華(左三)、吳華揚(左二)、陳聖玲(左一)、美華協會林智明(右一)以及密州州議員賀普顧德(右二)等,都出席了底特律紀念陳果仁事件30年活動。

以「傳承、未來」為主題的大底特律區紀念陳果仁事件
30年活動,23日在底特律美華協會活動中心舉行,多位陳果仁生前好友、陳案當年辯護律師,以及美國希斯汀加大法學院院長兼校長的吳華揚出席紀念儀式。
吳華揚強調,陳果仁案不是第一個,也不會是最後一個,「種族歧視、仇恨犯罪、官員輿論、校園霸凌」仍繼續發生,只有將團結視為每個人的責任,才能有效杜絕、減少類似悲劇重演。

當天活動由底特律區紀念陳果仁事件
30年活動籌備大會主席黃星華主持,密州亞太裔事務局局長威奇森(Sook Wilkinson)、美華協會會長王凱明等人,都出席座談。

陳果仁生前友人余燕妮、朱凱西在活動中提及,陳果仁熱心助人、開朗幽默,對於他的意外死亡,都感到十分憤怒與悲痛,即使事隔
30年,他們心中仍對此事有無法彌平的傷痛。

當年為陳案擔任辯護的日裔律師下浦
(Jim Shimoura)說,在陳案發生前,亞裔因為仇恨歧視被殺是一頁空白的歷史,陳案發生引起廣大亞裔重視,並因此讓密州修改多項不適用法令,讓陳案成為美國亞裔仇恨犯罪的標準案例,也讓各界開始正視當時普遍存在的種族歧視問題。

吳華揚在專題演說中表示,許多像他一樣在美國出生長大的第二代移民,無法理解為何自己是「美國人」,卻因「膚色」成為被旁人諷刺取笑的目標。他並坦承,小時候對於父母帶著口音的英語、所吃的「奇怪食物」,都感到不滿與甚至憤怒,吳華揚當時認為父母對他的態度頗有怨言。

直到自己長大後,才理解爸媽根本從來沒有怪過他,而他碰到的歧視與侮辱,父母也遭遇過,但上一輩的人,默默隱忍下來。吳華揚說,仇恨歧視不應該發生,也沒有人應該遭受這樣的不平待遇,所有亞裔要團結一致,讓這種不公平現象能夠公開和改善。

他也提到,陳案發生後,讓許許多多的亞裔了解,歧視仇恨會發生在任何人身上,其中語言更具殺傷力,死前只留下一句「不公平」遺言的陳果仁,就是因為受到涉案兇手辱罵,才會還嘴而引來殺身之禍。

吳華揚表示,陳果仁事件
30年過去,造成陳果仁冤死的「不公平」現象,並沒有在現今社會完全消失,他強調,每一個人都不能置身事外,每一個人一定要勇敢的為自己發聲,團結起來,才會最有效的減少悲劇再度發生。

當天與會代表,在緬懷陳果仁之際,除了對受害家屬致意,也認同黃星華提出「教育十分重要」的說法,出席的亞裔人權團體、個人,都表示一定會繼續推廣重視權益理念,並廣泛利用高科技傳達相關議題。

30 years later: From the tragedy of Vincent Chin's killing came hope, unity

Thirty years has done little to stem the fury over the killing of Vincent Chin.

The 27-year-old busboy and engineering student was chased and beaten with a baseball bat in Highland Park by Ronald Ebens and Michael Nitz on June 19, 1982. He died four days later. Witnesses said the attackers hurled racial invectives at the Chinese man and blamed him for lost auto jobs in an era when Japanese cars were becoming the American choice.

On Saturday, Asian-American leaders in business, government and civil rights gathered at the Chinese Community Center in Madison Heights to remember Chin's death. Speakers told an audience of about 100 that Chin's death and what happened to the killers sparked a revolution for Asian Americans and civil liberties.

Ebens and his stepson Nitz were infamously given three years of probation and a $3,800 fine by a Detroit judge for pleading guilty to manslaughter. Their attorneys argued it was a bar brawl gone wrong, not a hate crime. In subsequent federal trials, Ebens was convicted of violating Chin's civil rights, but that conviction was overturned.

"There's a man walking around right now who basically murdered someone, and he's never spent a day in jail," said lawyer Jim Shimoura of American Citizens for Justice, a group that pushed the federal government to intervene after the sentences were handed down.

Shimoura, 59, was a young lawyer when Chin was killed. As Ebens left the federal court in Cincinnati in 1987 a free man, Shimoura told the Free Press then that it was a day of shame.

Today, Shimoura said, everything is different yet the same. The country has its first black president and two Asian Americans in the cabinet. But discrimination is still there, just more subtle and quiet than before, he said.

Shimoura nodded when the comparison was made between Chin's case and that of Florida teen Trayvon Martin and George Zimmerman, who killed him.

"Even though that's progress, it's still the underlying politic at the local level," he said.

More than a dozen tables were filled with people who came to remember Chin and the impact his death made on Michigan law. Some teared up as keynote speaker Frank Wu, a metro Detroit native and chancellor of the University of California Hastings School of Law, reviewed Chin's story.

It was a story of Chin's bachelor party at a strip club, the fight that ensued, witness statements about race as a factor in the slaying and unity within vastly different Asian cultures that grew as a result of the killing.

"The movement that developed, the coalition that has formed, gives us hope," Wu said.

Since Chin's death, several aspects of Michigan law have changed. Victim impact statements became key testimony at sentencing hearings -- Chin's family, including his mother and fiancée, didn't have an opportunity to speak in front of Judge Charles Kaufman. The Wayne County prosecutors assigned to the case didn't come to the sentencing hearing, Wu said.

Mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines became law, putting the burden on any judge to justify a more lenient sentence. And federal civil rights law was found applicable to Asian Americans.

The changes weren't lost on the speakers and those in the audience Saturday.

Noah Park, 20, and Joan Bunyi, 19, were moved during the program. Though neither was alive in the 1980s, Park -- a Korean-American college student from Chicago -- said, "I could tell from the voices of the speaker, hearing his speech, it feels like you're reliving it."

Bunyi, 19, said as a Filipino American, she's never faced outright discrimination, but said it's more of a feeling.

"You can still feel the effect of being singled out," the University of Wisconsin student said.

Both came to the event as part of a group that promotes unity among Asian Americans.

"It's exponential, the amount of power, if we unite together," Park said.

June 19 2007

Have we forgotten? 25 years ago, this unfortunate incident brought together the Chinese Community in Hawaii and throughout North America. I could still remember calling people to raise money to donate to the "Vincent Chin Fund". At that time, the Japanese American organizations in the United States has given us tremendous support to pursue justice through the legal system.

While we may have different background, different religious belief or different political affiliations, Asian American is still a minority in the United States. This may be a good time to pause and think how we can work together with "one" voice to ensure the same unfortunate event will never happen to any of us.

Johnson Choi, MBA, RFC.
President - Hong Kong.China.Hawaii Chamber of Commerce
15 Collaboration Partners with 20,000 members Worldwide

The Model Minority Awakened - The Murder of Vincent Chin - by Christine Ho

"IT ISN'T FAIR." These words were Vincent Chin's last before he lost consciousness. On June 19, 1982, Chin, a 27 year-old Chinese American, was beaten to death with a baseball bat in Detroit by two Caucasian men. The perpetrators were Ronald Ebens and Michael Nitz, who blamed Japanese carmakers for Detroit's problems in the auto industry. Ebens was heard saying, "It is because of you little motherf*ckers that we're out of work!"

In Michigan v. Ebens (1983), Ebens and Nitz negotiated a plea bargain and received two years probation and $3,700 in fines each. The Asian community became outraged by these lenient sentences and mobilized to get "Justice for Vincent Chin." They were successful in the fact that the United States Justice Department took up the case and charged Ebens and Nitz with violating Chin's civil rights. Unfortunately, the story ends with Ebens and Nitz not serving any time in jail for the death of Chin. Yet, the incident of Vincent Chin, while not victorious in the courts, was successful in educating on hate crimes committed against Asians, mobilizing the Asian community, and setting up mechanisms by which other incidents would be better equipped to utilize the law as a means to justice. Looking beyond the surface failure of the Vincent Chin case, one can draw parallels to the women's rights movement in Michael McCann's Rights At Work (1994). While the women's rights movement failed in not achieving all of their goals, they still managed to raise a consciousness for rights, which can be paralleled to the awakening of the Asian American community to the need for mobilization. Thus, both movements, while not successes on their own, were successes in the bigger picture.

THE VINCENT CHIN CASE was the first of its kind for the Asian American community. While it failed in the courts, it was a monumental case in its awakening of the community. While working for the convictions of Ebens and Nitz, the Asian American community had to utilize the media, raise money, drum up support nation wide, organize rallies and protests, garner support from elected officials, and educate the public.

All this activity awakened the Asian American community to seeing the need for an organizational model for mobilization. Then after the failure in the courts, the Asian American community did not relinquish. Vincent Chin became a symbol of the discrimination inflicted upon Asian Americans in modern society. It became a driving force of motivation when other racist acts occurred against Asians, such as those against Jim Loo and Kao Kuan Chung. When these incidents occurred, the organizational model that had been set up for Vincent Chin was replicated and applied to these new incidents. The Asian American community vowed never to let another Vincent Chin incident occur. Thus, Vincent Chin's death was not entirely in vain.

WHILE CELEBRATING Chin's bachelor's party at Fancy Pants strip bar, Chin and his friends, Robert Sirosky, Gary Koivu, and Jimmy Choi, ran into Ebens and his stepson, Nitz. "Ebens began making racial and obscene remarks toward Chin calling him a 'Chink' and a 'Nip' and making remarks about foreign car imports." At this point, Ebens called Chin Japanese and made the comment noted earlier blaming Chin for the current lay-offs in Detroit. The fact that Ebens did not care or seem to know what ethnicity Chin was, Chinese or Japanese, would prove important later in the civil rights cases. General jostling and fighting then occurred between Chin and Ebens with Nitz joining in. The doorman of the bar then broke up the fight and separated the two parties. Outside of the bar, Chin challenged Ebens to finish their fight. Ebens then proceeded to Nitz's car and retrieved a baseball bat from the trunk. At the sight of the baseball bat, Chin and Choi both fled from Ebens and Nitz. The two men met at McDonald's restaurant and hoped to get protection from the crowd. While still looking for Chin, Ebens and Nitz ran into Jimmy Perry, who they solicited to help them find a "Chinese guy" in exchange for $20.

In the car, Perry recalled Ebens and Nitz talking about catching a "Chinese guy" and "busting his head" when they caught him. Eventually, Ebens and Nitz approached Choi and Chin in the parking lot of a supermarket next to McDonald's. Chin saw that Ebens was still carrying the baseball bat and yelled, "Scram." Choi then escaped but Nitz grabbed Chin in a bear hug. Chin managed to break loose and ran away. But Ebens caught up with him and hit Chin several times with the bat on the back and head causing Chin to fall on the ground. Fighting continued with Ebens as the aggressor. Police officers from McDonald's then came to the scene and ordered Ebens to stop. Chin then was taken to Henry Ford Hospital. He suffered two lacerations on the back left side of his head and abrasions on his shoulder, chest, and neck. He lapsed into a severe coma, and after emergency surgery, he was pronounced brain dead. Four days later on June 23, 1982, the ventilator through which he was breathing was removed and he died.

THE SAME DAY, Ebens and Nitz were charged with second-degree murder. The case went before Wayne County Circuit Judge Charles Kauffman. On March 17, 1983, Ebens pleaded guilty and Nitz no contest to reduced charges of manslaughter. Judge Kauffman sentenced them to two years probation and fined them each $3,700. Up to this point, the case had not received much media attention. With these lenient sentences, the Asian community went into an uproar, and media coverage became substantial. Headlines such as "Two Face Probation for Beating Man to Death" started to appear in Detroit and national papers. Protests against Kauffman's ruling started forming in the city. Kauffman defended himself by saying:

We're talking here about a man who's held a responsible job with the same company for 17 or 18 years and his son, who is employed and a part time student. These men are not going to go out and harm somebody else. I just didn't think that putting them in prison would do any good for them or society. He tried to further justify his decision by pointing to the fact that the two men lacked a previous criminal record. But the "vilification" of Judge Kauffman had already been put in place by the press coverage.

TWO WEEKS AFTER THE SENTENCES from Judge Kauffman were announced, American Citizens for Justice (ACJ) was formed to pursue justice for Chin. Lisa Chan, a Detroit attorney, spearheaded this interracial coalition. This organization was the first of its kind in the fact that it was a spontaneous mobilization against a hate crime committed against an Asian American. This organization became instrumental in the victories and losses of the movement for the justice of Vincent Chin. The ACJ would be active in all aspects of the fight for justice for Chin. As demonstrated by the vilification of Judge Kauffman, the ACJ would use the media to effectively sway the public into having sympathy for the tragedy of Vincent Chin and then to demanding justice. Other aspects the ACJ and other members of the Asian community would use to make the case for "Justice for Vincent" were protests and rallies, collaboration across the nation for support, fundraising, appeals to elected officials, and lastly and most importantly, the use of the law.

IN CONTINUING THEIR EFFORTS IN MEDIA COVERAGE, the ACJ started utilizing the media to educate the public on the atrocity of Vincent Chin. The papers started quoting outraged members of the Asian community. "You can kill a dog and get 30 days in jail, 90 days for a traffic ticket. This was premeditated. They had to go to their car to get the baseball bat. The Chinese community, especially the younger generation, want to see justice done." This quote was from Henry Yee, a restaurant owner in the city's Chinatown area. Vikki Wong, Chin's fiancŠÕ, was quoted as saying, "How can you commit murder and get away with nothing? I never committed a crime in my life. Does that mean I could kill and get away with it?" "The sentences amount to a $3,000 license to commit murder provided that you have a steady job or if you are a student," according to Kin Yee. Amid all the uproar, Kauffman eventually said, "In all my years, I have never received such vilification. This was just another case. This kind of thing happens regularly in the Recorder's Court and here [in court]." As soon as the Asian community heard of these sentences, they rallied together against the sentences resulting in even Judge Kauffman feeling the pressure from the media and the public.

Asian Americans for Justice and the Chinese American Citizens Alliance were instrumental in this rally. Harold Fong, president of the local chapter of the Chinese American Citizens Alliance was quoted, "If the roles were reversed, and the victims were white and the murderers were Asian, I ask you, would the punishments be the same?" This quote was all over the papers and undoubtedly influential at rallying Asian communities to the cause of Vincent Chin. In Los Angeles, "about 300 Asian Americans were joined by Mayor Tom Bradley at a City Hall rally "to demand justice for Chin." Branching out, the ACJ coordinated efforts nationally to have rallies to remember the death of Vincent Chin.

"AMERICAN CITIZENS FOR JUSTICE, a Detroit-based civil rights organization, is seeking nation-wide support?/a>" The ACJ started to mobilize Asian communities across the nation in support of achieving "Justice for Vincent Chin." In July 1983, the ACJ started a tour of California to seek support. Lily Chin, Vincent's mother and sole survivor, also spoke on the tour. The tour was co-sponsored by the Southern California Justice for Vincent Chin Committee in Los Angeles and Asian Americans for Justice in San Francisco. As the grieving mother, Lily Chin was instrumental in drumming up sympathy for the Vincent Chin case, and the ACJ utilized her appeal as a part of their media strategy. In 1984, the Asian Law Caucus gave her an award for her efforts and later, she met with Reverend Jesse Jackson and other community leaders to help raise money for the case. A benefit in memory of Chin was also held on August 14, 1983, which drew more than 200 people with each paying $25 each. As the umbrella organization in charge of fundraising, the ACJ raised between $50,000 and $75,000 to help finance litigation by September 1983.

ASIDE FROM ITS EDUCATION CAMPAIGN through the use of the media and protests, the ACJ started to look to the legislative and executive branches in light of the Vincent Chin incident. Representatives from the ACJ spoke at the founding session of the Asian-Pacific Caucus of the Democratic National Committee in Detroit to discuss the implications of the Chin case for people of Asian descent. The ACJ also called on "members of Congress and Democratic presidential candidates to use their influence against racially suggestive campaigns directed toward Asian imports." Increasing Asian sentiment had risen at this time due to the imports of Japanese cars and the low in the U. S. economy. Representative John D. Dingell from Michigan had recently complained about American jobs being taken by "those little yellow people." Michigan Senator Donald W. Reigel, Jr. also linked auto import problems with the invasion of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. This appeal to those in elected offices was made to directly confront these Michigan representatives and to call attention to Ebens' blaming Japan and Chin for the layoffs of the Detroit auto industry. This strategy of turning to elected officials would later become important in hate crime legislation.

LASTLY, THE ACJ LOOKED TO THE COURTS as a means to justice for Vincent Chin. Due to Judge Kauffman's unwillingness to change his lenient sentences, the ACJ had to go through another means of redress. They, therefore, focused their attention on the federal courts and got the Justice Department involved. The ACJ in conjunction with the Organization of Chinese Americans (OCA) worked to get federal charges filed against Ebens and Nitz.

The federal charges were based on the grounds of Ebens and Nitz violating Chin's civil rights. The ACJ and the OCA appealed to the U. S. Justice Department to investigate the case. In July 1983, the ACJ, the OCA, along with Lily Chin talked with William Bradford Reynolds, the head of the Civil Rights Division in the Justice Department. The ACJ also submitted a report to the Civil Rights Division outlining the factual and legal bases for the prosecution of Ebens and Nitz on civil rights grounds. Also due to the ACJ's appeal to elected officials, many Californian congressmen contributed to the pressure put on the Justice Department. As a result, the Justice Department asked the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to examine the Chin case. In particular, the FBI questioned the Highland Park police to determine if Ebens and Nitz were racially motivated to slay Chin. The ACJ and the OCA were successful in utilizing all of the media attention the case had received and the legislative support to persuade the Justice Department to investigate the case for civil rights violations.

AFTER THE EXTENSIVE FBI INVESTIGATION, U. S. Attorney Leonard Gilman announced that the Justice Department would convene the grand jury to present the case of civil rights violations on the part of Ebens and Nitz. On November 2, the federal grand jury indicted Ebens and Nitz on charges of conspiring to violate Chin's civil rights and criminally violating Chin's civil rights. Ebens and Nitz faced lifetime imprisonment as the maximum penalty. The ACJ and the OCA had effectively lobbied the Justice Department to press charges against Ebens and Nitz. In using the media, the support of the other branches, and the outcry of the public, the ACJ was able to attempt to start the process of redress on this case through the law.

TWO DAYS LATER, JUDGE KAUFFMAN WAS QUOTED, "The Asian community owes me some gratitude for bringing their community together under one cause." Despite his bitterness, Judge Kauffman was correct in his assessment that the protest of his lenient sentences in its unfairness did unite the Asian community. Even though the Justice Department claimed that politics had nothing to do with the indictments, the protests by the Asian community seemed to have clearly compelled the Justice Department to look into the matter. President of the ACJ, Helen Zia commented, "Clearly politics had something to do with this [the indictments]. If we hadn't gone on a nationwide campaign, this case wouldn't have gone anywhere." Zia was also recognizing the invested role the ACJ and the Asian community played in getting the Chin case pursued through the law. Even Judge Kauffman admitted that "there was political pressure brought to bear" on the Justice Department. But the goal of justice was still not reached at this point as Lisa Chan pointed out, "I think this is the first step in obtaining justice. This is the first battle we've won, but the war is still going on and we have a lot of work to do."

ON JUNE 13, 1984, THE TRIAL, U. S. V. EBENS, began before U. S. District Judge Anna Diggs-Taylor. The press coverage during the trial was also very slanted against Ebens and Nitz. One article entitled "Witness Remembers Defendant Wielding Bat in Beating Death" quoted Morris Cotton as saying, "Ebens was holding the bat as if he was trying to hit a home run." The U. S. Prosecutor closed with, "This was a lynching, but with a bat instead of a rope." This quote was all over the papers. The media was yet again educating the public on the hate crimes committed against Asian Americans. On June 28, after thirteen hours of deliberation, the jury found Ebens guilty of aiding and abetting in violating the civil rights of Chin but acquitted him of conspiring to violate Chin's rights. The jury acquitted Nitz of both of the charges. Yet again, Lily Chin, Chin's mother, got into the papers saying that the verdict was unfair because Nitz was acquitted. "One is not fair. Two killed my son. It's not fair that only one is guilty." On September 18, Judge Diggs-Taylor sentenced Ebens to 25 years in prison. At this point, the ACJ seemed to have been successful in its fight for "Justice for Vincent Chin" by using the law.

UNFORTUNATELY, THIS VICTORY WAS NOT TO LAST FOR LONG.

U. S. v. Ebens was appealed to the Sixth U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati. On September 11, 1986, a three-judge panel ruled unanimously that Judge Diggs-Taylor erred "by not letting the defense present evidence tapes of interviews lawyer Lisa Chan conducted with three prosecution witnesses."

The panel reversed U. S. v. Ebens and remanded for a new trial. The defense claimed that Chan had improperly coached the witnesses. Here is an excerpt from the transcript of the tapes:

Lisa Chan: The purpose of this meeting tonight it so we can help each other remember exactly what happened, how it happened, when it happened, and all the minor details. We were just going over - I was talking with Eddie Hollis this afternoon, the parking lot attendant, the black guy, I don't know when he came in. I think - but according to his version of the facts, it's quite different from what I have so far understood them to be. So, I would center on my facts on what you, three of you, say they are and somehow try to either fit all the other facts around these, or it they don't fit, then I have to watch out, you know, there's something else, somebody saying something else.

THE THREE-JUDGE PANEL FOUND this excerpt especially telling of how Chan improperly coached the three witnesses. According to the Court of Appeals, the testimony of a black man, who claimed Ebens cursed him racial slurs, also should have been permitted. Thus, partially due to the ACJ's spokesperson, Chan, the case was reversed and remanded for a new trial.

AT A NEWS CONFERENCE ON SEPTEMBER 19, Lily Chin pleaded emotionally, "Please I want everybody to tell the government not to drop the case. I want justice for Vincent. I want justice for my son." The conference ended with Chin carried away in a chair while sobbing uncontrollably. Yet again, due to the press coverage and politics, the Justice Department announced it would pursue a new case with the same charges against Ebens and Nitz. Ebens' lawyer, Frank Eaman, said he was not surprised at the decision to retry the case, calling it "a political decision made because of political pressure." Eaman was recognizing the role the ACJ played in the continuation of the case. Four and a half years after the death of Vincent Chin, the Asian community had mobilized to a point where they could use the law as an avenue to justice.

THE NEW TRIAL WAS THEN SCHEDULED FOR APRIL 21, 1987 with a change of venue to Cincinnati due to the publicity surrounding the case. Once again, the Asian community rallied together for justice for Chin. On the eve of the retrial, "a prayer service for peace and against racism" was held in Cincinnati at St. Monica Roman Catholic Church. Speakers ranged from the Roman Catholic, Episcopal, and Bahai churches, Japanese Buddhists, and Alvin Sikes from the civil rights group Justice Campaign of America. The Roundtable of Americans of Asian Descent was also founded a month prior to the trial to bring Asian support together. At the new trial of Ebens and Nitz, the Asian community once again attempted to garner support and gained positive media coverage to achieve the ends of justice.

ON MAY 1, 1987, the U. S. District Court jury in the second trial of Ebens and Nitz found both men innocent of all charges. Falling short of five years, the Vincent Chin case was finally over, and the "justice" as dictated by the ACJ had not been found. This failure in the courts for Vincent Chin was attributed to the change of venue to Cincinnati. According to Asian Americans: An Interpretive History, Cincinnati was "a city whose residents not only had little exposure to Asian Americans in general but were also unfamiliar with the hostility that people in Detroit harbored against Japanese cars and Japanese-looking people." The Vincent Chin case had failed in the courts; Ebens and Nitz were free men. Was this case just a waste of time then? No. While on the surface this case seemed to be a failure, it was anything but such a thing. This case was the first of its kind to mobilize Asian Americans to a unified cause. It showed the Asian American community how to organize around similar cases. It produced new organizations that would know how to handle such issues. It was a learning experience for the Asian American community on how to actively take a stand. Most importantly, it remains in the consciousness of Asian Americans and continually educates on what could happen and what should be done.

THUS, EVEN THOUGH THE LEGAL CASE WAS OVER, the fight for justice was not over. To this day, Vincent Chin is remembered as an atrocity that needs further prevention. Jim Tso, the national president of the OCA, said: We are not going to let this case die by any stretch of the imagination, because it will continue to be a symbol of the injustices that are perpetuated by Asian Americans in this country. No matter what happens we are going to continue to pursue this case and make sure in the future there are no other Vincent Chins.
This case served as an inspiration to work harder on future cases. According to James Shimoura of the ACJ, "My heart sank 30 feet. I fully expected a guilty verdict. I think every Asian American will shed a tear today because of this verdict." The shock of this case would act as motivation to prevent further atrocities.

Years after this incident, Asians still remember the atrocity that occurred against Vincent. "On the tenth anniversary of Chin's death, some 500 people attended a commemorative service in Confucius Plaza, Chinatown, New York City, June 1992." The important part of this case is not that Ebens and Nitz went free but the journey that was taken and the lessons learned by the Asian American community.

THE LAST HOPE OF VINDICATION on this case would be the civil action case filed by Lily Chin. On July 31, 1987, in a civil action suit of wrongful death filed by Lily Chin against Ebens, Ebens agreed to pay $1.5 million to Chin's estate. According to her attorney, James A. Brescoll, Mrs. Chin only pursued the case on principle and was saddened by the fact that Ebens would not spend a single day in prison for the death of her son. But nevertheless, an important lesson was learned from the Chin case. Asian Americans are able to get together and mobilize under a single cause; they are not the "model minority." The Chin case woke up the Asian community to the fact that they must stand together against hate crimes.

THE VINCENT CHIN CASE ACTS AS A REMINDER on a continual basis of the need to mobilize and not be the model minority on a continual basis to the Asian community. The Asian community has not forgotten the Chin case, evident by the ample attention still given to the tragedy. For example, Christine Choy and Renee Tajima decided to make a documentary titled Who Killed Vincent Chin? (1988) Choy and Tajima interviewed all those involved in the case, including Ebens, witnesses, and members of the community divided by the incident. Ebens got to tell his side of the story, and Lily Chin was also prominent in the documentary. Who Killed Vincent Chin? went on to become nominated for the Oscar for Best Documentary Feature. It was also shown at the 17th Annual New Directors-New Films Festival at the Museum of Modern Art in New York and won the Best Documentary award at the Hawaii International Film Festival in 1988. PBS also broadcasted the documentary in July of 1989. Who Killed Vincent Chin?

TO FURTHER REMEMBER THE EVENT, in 1998, the play Carry the Tiger to the Mountain was premiered in Washington, D. C at the OCA Convention. The Convention, at which Al Gore spoke, celebrated the 25th anniversary of the founding of the OCA. Carry the Tiger to the Mountain also played in New York City at the Pan Asian Repertory Theater from November through December of 1998.

According to the Contemporary American Theater Festival web site, the play is "an epic dramatization of the true life story of the victim's mother, Lily Chin, and her journey from postwar picture bride to civil rights activist in search of justice for her son." The playwright was Cherylene Lee, who was commissioned by the Contemporary American Theater Festival to write the play.

On the Vincent Chin incident, Lee said:

I grew up in a family that for generations had worked hard to be a part of the American mainstream...but in 1983, when I read that a judge in Detroit had handed down a ridiculously lenient sentence to the murderers of Vincent Chin, a Chinese-American boy only a few years younger than me, my belief in how I was viewed by others was terribly shaken.
Even into the late 1990's, the Vincent Chin incident plays a role in reminding Asian Americans of the atrocity that occurred.

MANY INDIVIDUALS heavily involved in the current Asian American movement attribute the wave of Asian awareness to the Vincent Chin incident. Mabel Teng, who abandoned plans to become a doctor and instead became a community activist and politician, said, "The Vincent Chin case changed my life forever." According to AsianWeek, "Chin's bludgeoning death at the hands of two laid-off autoworkers succeeded in mobilizing Asian Americans nationwide" such as Mabel Teng. Helen Zia, one of the co-founders of the ACJ, described the Chin case as an "awakening" for the Asian community to racial hostility against Asian Americans. "Vincent was everyone's son, brother, boyfriend, husband, father.

Asian Americans felt deeply that what happened to Vincent Chin could happen to anyone that looked 'Japanese. In other words, the failure of Ebens to recognize Chin as being Chinese and not Japanese shows a lack of respect and a disdain for Asian Americans in general. "Few Asian Pacific Americans would fail to recognize the killing of Vincent Chin?/a>" This quote shows how the incident of Chin reminds the Asian community on a continual basis of the unity needed to combat hate crimes.

THE DIRECT IMPLICATIONS OF THE VINCENT CHIN CASE can also be seen in other Asian American hate crime incidents. In 1989, Jim Loo and his five friends were at a pool hall when two Caucasian men, Robert and Lloyd Piche, started assaulting and making racial slurs against them. The two men were brothers, who had lost a third brother in the Vietnam War, and had mistaken Loo as being Vietnamese. Sucheng Chan, author of Asian Americans: An Interpretive History, wrote:

"the lesson learned in the Vincent Chin case was not lost. When a second Chinese American, 24 year-old Ming Hai Loo (commonly known as Jim Loo), was killed in late July 1989 in Raleigh, North Carolina, in a situation reminiscent of the Vincent Chin murder, Asian Americans immediately mobilized to monitor developments.

Asian Americans in Raleigh quickly formed the Jim Loo American Justice Coalition to represent Loo's parents, who spoke very little English, to make sure another Vincent Chin would not occur. A representative of the coalition said, "We will do everything we can to avoid repeating the mistake with the Vincent Chin case." In March 1990, Robert Piche was found guilty of second-degree murder and sentenced to 37 years in prison. The Chin case had awoken the Asian American community to what could happen. When Jim Loo was murdered, Asian Americans were prepared and could better handle the law, and they successfully did so to get "victory" for Jim Loo.

ANOTHER INCIDENT that drew parallels to the Vincent Chin case was the killing of Kao Kuan Chung in April of 1997. Kao was a Chinese-American killed in Rohnert Park by San Francisco police. Due to Kao being Chinese and holding a six-foot long wooden stick, Police Officer Jack Shields presumed him to be a martial arts expert and thus shot Kao to death. The Asian community once again went into an uproar and demanded justice for Kao
Les Hata, a member of the San Francisco chapter of the Japanese American Citizens League, was quoted, "In Vincent Chin, we were looking for justice. There needs to be justice for the Kao family. The case needs further exploration." Mabel Teng, who became an activist because of the Chin case, drew parallels between the Kao incident and the Chin case. She pointed out that in both instances the victims were Chinese Americans and both were probably killed due to their race. Rallies demanding justice were also held for Kao just as they had been for Vincent Chin. A similar strategy of getting public outcry to pressure the United States Justice Department and/or the United States Commission on Civil Rights to do a more thorough investigation of the shooting was also in place. Unfortunately, another similarity to the Chin case was that "justice" for Kao was never achieved because the Justice Department announced that there was insufficient evidence to pursue the case on civil rights violations. Nevertheless, the Asian community was still prepared and knew how to approach the situation due to the awakening of Vincent Chin.

ANOTHER RESULT DERIVED FROM THE VINCENT CHIN INCIDENT was the spawning of activist groups due to the growing concern of anti-Asian violence in the United States. This spawning was evident by the ACJ, the Asian-Pacific Caucus of the Democratic National Committee in Detroit, and the Roundtable of Americans of Asian Descent, but these groups were mostly formed to deal directly with the Vincent Chin case. In the spring of 1986, activists from the Organization of Asian Women, the Organization of Chinese Americans, and the Japanese American Citizens League invited a diverse Asian American groups to deal with the issue of anti-Asian violence. As a result, the Coalition Against Anti-Asian Violence (CAAAV) was formed to "voice the Asian American community's concerns about anti-Asian violence and police brutality in the New York City area." This coalition was not formed to deal specifically with the Vincent Chin case but had a broader goal of hate crimes against Asian Americans in general.

The CAAAV credited its formation to the atrocity of the Vincent Chin murder. In October 1986, in New York City, the CAAAV sponsored a half-day educational forum on "Violence against Asians in America." The forum gathered more than 250 people, who were all ready to get involved in the Asian American movement. The CAAAV focused on "advocacy work for victims, community mobilization, documentation of incidents, public education, lobbying, and coalition building." Its first case concerned Caucasian police officers, who forcibly entered two Asian Americans' apartment, assaulted four family members, and arrested them on false charges.

The CAAAV proved its worth in dealing with this situation, in which all charges were dropped and the victims settled out of court for $90,000. The Vincent Chin incident, while not triumphant in the courts, was successful in forming useful coalitions among the Asian community.

IN CONCLUSION, the Vincent Chin Incident was a milestone for the Asian community. The model minority was awoken and made to realize the true importance of mobilization within the community. The travesty of the death of Vincent Chin in 1982 still acts a reminder to the Asian community of hate crimes and the need to bind together against them. The aftermath of the incident still influences today Asian communities as can be seen by the movie, the play, the current leaders of the Asian community, and the groups that were formed. The model minority became not so "model" in using the media, organizing rallies and protests, fundraising, connecting across the nation, appealing to elected officials, and most importantly, using the law. Due to the Chin case, consciousness of the need for mobilization was raised among the Asian community just as the women's rights movement did for women. As McCann points out in Rights At Work, failure on the surface does not necessarily mean that there is not success to be found underneath. Due to the women's rights movement, women came to realize that they had rights and needed to assert them. The Vincent Chin incident left behind a legacy of mobilization that will act as an organizational model and motivational story for the Asian American community. While not actual victories, the women's rights movement and the Chin incident were instrumental in what will prove to be the beginning of two successful movements.

Christine Ho - Background Info - On the Author - She is a 21 years old student at the College of William and Mary in Virginia. This senior is presently a Government / Pre-Law major whose ambition is to become a civil rights lawyer
cho@litchfordchristopher.com Phone: 757-303-3972

pon.jpg (13583 bytes)    Powered by ProjectOnNet.com - "Connecting the Building Industry"        BEST Airline & Hotel Offers - enter to save $

 

Honolulu USA

Hong Kong

Shanghai PRC

Taipei ROC

San Francisco

New York

London England